Good Agriculture Practice Print

Industrialization of the production in agriculture, the use of the agents such as additives, hormones, pesticides, antibiotics, etc. has led to customer dissatisfaction and loss of confidence in the institutions responsible for controlling food safety in the European Union, which resulted in a growing demand for healthy correct food.

In order to improve the situation, the whole system of the control of a food production in the European Union was revised, since 2000, with new, more rigid legislation for the control of food production process from the field to the table.
The entire system of quality control processes of food production is put in the service of consumers under the principle that everyone has the right for safe and quality food. Particularly, the need to reduce losses in agricultural production, its control and care about the environment are highlighted.

Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) means the knowledge application to produce safe, healthy correct food and other agricultural products on the human way, by ensuring economic viability and social stability and the use of natural resources on sustainable principles. It is necessary to know, understand, plan, measure, track, monitor and manage the production system of food production in order to achieve established production and environmental goals.

Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) is based on the control of critical points and product quality in accordance with the regulations of the World Health Organization and Codex Alimentarius.

Food production in accordance with the requirements of Good Agricultural Practice brings benefit to everyone, from farmers and industry to consumers and wider community:
  • farmers - accomplish "extra" value of products and easier access to market
  • consumers - receive a better and safier food
  • production and processing industry - achieves extra profit, recognition and reliability
  • all - socially responsible behavior, control and care for the environment, sustainable development

In order to protect consumer health the concept of organic production is developed i.e. biological rather than chemical control of plant diseases. The principles of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) are integral protection, control and inspections.


As far as commercial standards in the European Union concerns, the first place takes EUREPGAP (European Retail Product and Good Agricultural Practice) as one of the most popular international standards related to primary production of fresh fruits and vegetables.  
EUREPGAP prescribes conditions of production, audit mechanizmes and certification of products. EUREPGAP is used under the GLOBALGAP name as well.
GLOBALGAP is intended to all farmers, regardless of the type and size of their production and includes the production of primary agricultural products and activities after the harvest. The purpose of this standard is to provide to retail trade network and end-customers a high level of reliability that all the measures and controls are implemented, and that the product is safe for consumers’ health.

GLOBALGAP includes the system for the certification of fruits, vegetables, flowers and decorative plants, fishery, livestock production and integrated agricultural production and is applied in more than 45 countries worldwide. Numerous big stores, whose activity is connected with the trade of primary agricultural products, require application of a GLOBALGAP.

In a large part of the retail trade network in the European Union the application of this standard is also required. Although no one country of the European Union is legally obliged the use of GLOBALGAP, producers who want their products to place to the EU market must apply the requirements of this standard as the evidence of healthy accuracy of their products.

GLOBALGAP standard principles:  

  • Production of high quality products
  • Environment protection
  • Optimal use of natural energy resources
  • Support to economically acceptable agricultural production
  • Improvment of the living conditions of local communities

GLOBALGAP standard goals:

  • Food safety using HACCP principles
  • Good Agricultural Practice principles application
  • Systematic care about the environment and its protection
  • Health and safety of employees
  • Social welfare of employees
  • Animals welfare (where applicable) and animals welfare on the farm